About the Calendar

The Samaritan-Israelite calendar is based on a singular system of calculation which is known by the priestly family only and has been kept secret for generations.
According to the Samaritan tradition, this calculation, which is called in Aramaic “Ishban Kashta” (The truth calculation), was taught to Adam, our forefather by God, and passed from one generation to the next, till Pinchas the High Priest based it on the horizon of Mt. Gerizim.
For the co-ordination of the lunar year with the solar year Samaritans (and Jews) use two cycles: the nineteen-year lunar cycle and the twenty-eight-year solar cycle:The Samaritan calculation system, works on cycles of 19 years, 7 of the years are leap years, each one consisting of 13 months. However, the different starting points of the two calendars, Samaritan and Jewish,  makes the leap years fall out of phase with each other. As a consequence the Samaritans celebrate the festivals a month later than the Jewish celebrations in those years. For the remaining twelve years of the nineteen year cycle, the Jews and Samaritans sometimes celebrate the festivals on the same days, sometimes two days apart. This is due to the fact that the Jews modified the rules governing their calendar for the sake of convenience. For example,according to the Jewish Calendar, the first day of the seventh month that the Jews call the first day of the year will never fall on Sunday, Wednesday or Friday because the date is dependent upon three festivals of the seventh month – the Day of Atonement, Tabernacles (Succoth) and the Eighth Day of Succoth. On years in which each of these festivals would fall directly on the day after Sabbath, the Jews add one day to the 9th month – Kislev – in their calendar to move the festivals one day ahead.  The Samaritans, however, have always kept the principle of celebrating the festivals on the days that they fall in the calendar, regardless of whether they directly follow the Sabbath or not. 

Another difference between the two calendars is the way of counting the years. The Samaritan calendar counts the years to the entrance of the people of Israel to the holy land, while the Jewish calendar counts the years to the creation. According to the Samaritan tradition the people of Israel entered in to the holy land on the first month, and six months later they started the counting of the years to the entrance, which means that on the six month of the year we go one year forward.
However the first month of the year is still the First Month, as the Torah says: “This month shall be unto you the beginning of months, it shall be the first month of the year to you” (Exodus 12:2). It is also the first month of the creation, which means that on this month is the beginning of the counting of the years from creation. 

Table of the weekly Parashot (Portions of the week)

Ancient Hebrew transliteration
Hebrew
Hebrew transliteration
Book of the Torah
Chapters
The Intial verse
Barashet
בראשית
Bereshit
Genesis -בראשית
 1-3
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Wa:dam yada
והאדם ידע
Ve Ha Adam Yada
Genesis -בראשית
 4-4:24
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Wyada adam
וידע אדם
Ve Yada Adam
Genesis -בראשית
 4:25-6:16
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Wani innani
ואני הנני
Ve Ani Hineny
Genesis -בראשית
 6:17-8:20
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Al libbo
אל ליבו
El Libo
Genesis -בראשית
 8:21-11
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Lik lak
לך לך
Lech Lecha
Genesis -בראשית
 12-16
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Way’i abram
ויהי אברם
Va Yehi Avraham
Genesis -בראשית
 17-20
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Wshema fakad
והשם פקד
Ve Ha Shem Pakad
Genesis -בראשית
 21-23
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Wab’raam zaqen
ואברהם זקן
Ve Avrahham Zaken
Genesis -בראשית
24-25:18
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Willa tuldat
ואלה תולדות
Ve Ele Toldot Yitschak
Genesis -בראשית
25:19-28
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Wyissa ya:qob regalo
ויצא יעקב
Va Yetse Yaacov
Genesis -בראשית
29-31:16
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Wyaqam ya:qob
ויקם יעקב
Va Yakam Yaacov
Genesis -בראשית
31:17-33
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Wtissa dina
ותצא דינה
Va Tetse Dina
Genesis -בראשית
34-36
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Wyashab ya:qob
וישב יעקב
Va Yeshev Yaacov
Genesis -בראשית
37-38
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Wyusef uwwared
ויוסף הורד מצרימה
Va Yosef Hurad Mitsrayman
Genesis -בראשית
39-41:49
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Walyusef yelidu
וליוסף נולדו
Ve le Yosef Noldu
Genesis -בראשית
41:50-43:25
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Wyaba yusef
ויבא יוסף
Va Yavo Yosef
Genesis -בראשית
43:26-46:7
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Willa shemot
ואלה שמות
Ve Ele She:mot
Genesis -בראשית
45:8-48:2
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Il shiddi
אל שדי
El sha:day
Genesis -בראשית
48:3-49:21
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Ban farat
בן פרת
Ben Porat
Genesis -בראשית
49:22-50
Tura Saba Lanu +Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 ,תורה צוה לנו משה + שמור את יום השבת
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Willa shemot
ואלה שמות
Ve Ele Shemot
Exodus-שמות
1-7:7
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Ki yedabber
כי ידבר
Ki Yedaber
Exodus-שמות
7:8-11
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Aa:desh azze
החדש הזה
Ha Chodesh Haze
Exodus-שמות
12-15:21
Ki Tissha – Numbers 30:11-30:16- כי תשא את ראש
Wayassa mushi
ויסע משה
Va Yassaa Moshe
Exodus-שמות
15:22-18
Shemor – Exodus 20:8-20:12 שמור את יום השבת
Baadesh asshelishi
בחדש השלישי
Ba Chodesh Ha Shelishi
Exodus-שמות
19-24
Watta Dabber – Exodus 31-12 – 31:17 ואתה דבר אל
Wyiqqau li teruma
ויקחו לי תרומה
Va Yiqchu li Truma
Exodus-שמות
25-28
Watta Dabber – Exodus 31-12 – 31:17 ואתה דבר אל
Wze addebar
וזה הדבר
Ve Ze Hadavar
Exodus-שמות
29-31:17
Wshamaru – Exodus 31:16-31:17 ושמרו בני ישראל
Wyitten al mushi
ויתן אל משה
Va Yeten el Moshe
Exodus-שמות
31:18-36:19
Kaddishem – Leviticus 19:1-19:8 קדשים
Wyash it aqqerashem
ויעש את הקרשים
Va Yaass Et Ha Krashim
Exodus-שמות
36:20-40
Tura saba lanu mushi
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Wyikra al mushi
ויקרא אל משה
Va yikra El Moshe
Leviticus -ויקרא
1-5
Muwedi – Leviticus 23:1-23:8  – ואלה מועדי
Sabi it aarron
צוה את אהרן
Tsave Et Aharon
Leviticus -ויקרא
6-9:21
Muwedi – Leviticus 23:1-23:8  – ואלה מועדי
Wyissha aarron
וישא אהרן
Va Yissa Aharon
Leviticus -ויקרא
 9:22-13:28
Wsafarttimma – Leviticus 23:15-23:22 – וספרתם לכם
Wish u issha
ואיש או אשה
Ve eish o isha
Leviticus -ויקרא
13:29-15
Wsafarttimma – Leviticus 23:15-23:22 – וספרתם לכם
Aa:uri mot sheni
אחרי מות
A:chore mot
Leviticus -ויקרא
16-19:8
Wsafarttimma – Leviticus 23:15-23:22 – וספרתם לכם
Waf:qaserkimma
ובקצירכם
Ve be Qatsirechem
Leviticus -ויקרא
19:9-22
Wsafarttimma – Leviticus 23:15-23:22 – וספרתם לכם
Muwwedi
מועדי
Moaday
Leviticus -ויקרא
23-26:2
Sha:baa Shabaot – Deuteronomy 16:9-:16:12 שבעה שבעות
Am baqquti
אם בחקתי
Im be Chuqotay
Leviticus -ויקרא
26:3-27
Tura saba + Sha:baa Shabaot – Deuteronomy 16:9-:16:12  תורה צוה לנו + שבעה שבעות
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Bamadbar sini
במדבר סיני
Be Mid Bar Sinay
Numbers -במדבר
1-3
Dabber al aarron – Numbers 6:22-6:27  דבר אל אהרן
Nasha it reosh
נשא את ראש
Nesa Et Rosh
Numbers -במדבר
4-6:21
Dabber al aarron – Numbers 6:22-6:27  דבר אל אהרן
Dabber al aarron
דבר אל אהרן
Daber el Aharon
Numbers -במדבר
6:22-12
Sabi – Numbers 28:1-28:10 צוה את בני ישראל
Shalla lak
שלח לך
Shlach Lecha
Numbers -במדבר
13-15
Sabi – Numbers 28:1-28:10 צוה את בני ישראל
Wyiqqa qara
ויקח קרח
Va Yiqach Qorach
Numbers -במדבר
16- 20:13
Sabi – Numbers 28:1-28:10 צוה את בני ישראל
Wyeshalla mushi
וישלח משה
Va Yishlach Moshe
Numbers -במדבר
20:14-25:9
Sabi – Numbers 28:1-28:10 צוה את בני ישראל
Finaas
פינחס
Pinchas
Numbers -במדבר
25:10- 31:31
Shemor – Deuteronomy 5:12-5:15 שמור את יום השבת
Wyai ammalqa
ויהי המלקח
Va Yehi Hamilkoach
Numbers -במדבר
31:32-36
Tura saba +Shemor – Deuteronomy 5:12-5:15 תורה צוה + שמור את יום השבת
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Illa addebarem
אלה הדברים
Ele Ha Devarim
Deuteronomy-דברים
1-4:4
Shemor – Deuteronomy 5:12-5:15 שמור את יום השבת
Reu lammidtti
ראו למדתי
Reu Limadeti
Deuteronomy-דברים
4:5-6
Ki Tissha – Numbers 30:11-30:16- כי תשא את ראש
Ki yibbiyak
כי יביאך
Ki Yaviacha
Deuteronomy-דברים
7-11:30
Wyishkan yishrael – Deuteronomy 33:24-33:29 וישכן ישראל
Ki attima
כי אתם
Ki Atem
Deuteronomy-דברים
11:31-13
Wyishkan yishrael – Deuteronomy 33:24-33:29 וישכן ישראל
Banem attima
בנים אתם
Banim Atem
Deuteronomy-דברים
14-16:17
Wyishkan yishrael – Deuteronomy 33:24-33:29 וישכן ישראל
Shufatem wshutarem
שופטים ושוטרים
Shoftim ve Shotrim
Deuteronomy-דברים
16:18-22:11
Wyishkan yishrael – Deuteronomy 33:24-33:29 וישכן ישראל
Ki yiqqa ish issha
כי יקח איש אשה
Ki Yiqach Ish Issha
Deuteronomy-דברים
22:12 – 26:15
Wyishkan yishrael – Deuteronomy 33:24-33:29 וישכן ישראל
Ayyom aazze
היום הזה
Ha yom Haze
Deuteronomy-דברים
26:16 – 29
Wyishkan yishrael – Deuteronomy 33:24-33:29 וישכן ישראל
Weeyya ki yibbiyak
והיה כי יביאך
Ve Haya ki Yiviacha
Deuteronomy-דברים
30 – 34
Tura saba lanu mushi + Nebbarak Yate (We  shall bless The Lord)
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Rosh Chodesh:  The new moon which is the beginning of each month.

Wonders: Every Sabbath, starting on the first Sabbath of the Eleven Month (except cases of leap years), dedicated to one of the wonders of Mosses and Aaron on Egypt. This is the period before the Exodus of the People of Israel from Egypt. Read about it on the Enlightenments book on our Knowledge Center)

Tsimmot of Passover – The Sabbath that occurs fifty days before the Passover, dedicated to the conjunction between the sun and the moon, and the meeting between Moses and Aaron after 60 years of departure. On this week the semi-annual calendar is handed to the community by the High Priest.

Rosh Hashana: The New Moon of the first month of the year.

Mishmeret: The fourteen days between the first day of the first month till the day of the sacrifice, each day is mentioned by a special prayer, in the morning, and in the evening of the same day. These days are the days of the preparation to the Passover. On the tenth day of the month, the Samaritans buy the sheep for the sacrifice. (Exodus 12:3-12:4)

The Seven days of the Feast of Matsot– The seven days which starts on the day after the day of the sacrifice (the fifteenth day of the first month) and ends twenty-first day of the same month.

Pessach Sheni- Second Passover– For every one who didn’t have the opportunity to  fulfill the first Sacrifice. Today only a special prayer mentions this day.

The Sabbath of the feast of Matsot– The Sabbath that occurs on the seven days of the feast of  Matsot. Counting of the Omer- The fifty days between Passover and Pentecost, that starts on the day after the Sabbath of Matsoth and ends on the second pilgrimage of the year- on Pentecost (Shavuth). (Lev. 23:15). Every Sabbath of these fifty days is mentioned by a station of the people of Israel on their way from Egypt to Mt. Sinai.

Yom Khalla – In ancient times the Samaritans used to visit, on this day, the tombs of the just- the high priests on Eburta ( a place near Mt Gerizim) and the tomb of Joseph in Nablus.

Yom Ma’mad Har Sinai- The forty-six days of the fifty days is dedicated to the revelation of Sinai. This day is mentioned by a special and long prayer that starts at midnight of the day before and ends on the evening of that day.

Sabbath Devarim– The Sabbath that is dedicated to the week, in which the Torah (The Ten Commandments-“Devarim”) was given to the people of Israel.

Tsimmot of Sukoth– A Special Sabbath that occurs about two month before Suckuth, dedicated to the conjunction between the sun and the moon, and the meeting of Aaron Moses and Elazar on the mount called Har’ Haar.

Selihot- Days of pardons– the ten days between the first day of the seventh month and the Day of Atonement (Kippur). Every day is mentioned by special prayers in morning and evening.

The Sabbath of Selihot-The Sabbath that occurs in the ten days of Selihot Seven days of Suckuth- The seven days between the first day of Suckuth to the seventh day.